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Nikolai Golik Prezident.

Number of state contracts on non-alternative basis grown by one third

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24.07.2017 13:44

Number of state contracts on non-alternative basis grown by one third

 

The Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation described the results of monitoring the application of the alternative procurement law 223-FZ (On procurement of goods, works, services by certain types of legal entities). According to the auditors, only 5.8% of purchases are carried out on a competitive basis. This is written by RBC.

In addition, the volume of non-competitive purchases under 44-FZ also increased: in the six months of 2017, compared to the first half of 2016, the number of state contracts concluded with a single supplier increased by 35%.

According to the report of the Unified Information System (EIS), for the first half of 2017 there were concluded contracts for 9 trillion rubles ($151.5m). The amount of contracts concluded with a single supplier is 3.8 trillion rubles ($64bn). If we compare these figures with last year's figures, then the volume of non-alternative purchases has significantly decreased (in the same period in 2016, contracts worth 6.7 trillion rubles were signed with a single supplier). However, according to the auditors, de facto the situation with competition has not improved, and non-competitive purchases are carried out in other ways.

According to the Ministry of Finance, the volume of purchases with a single supplier is 31.6%, while purchases by other methods make up 62.7% of the total. At the same time last year the ratio was different: although there were more non-alternative purchases (48.4%), there were fewer other purchases (36.4%).

In addition, compared to last year, the volume of ‘closed' (secret) purchases increased (from 308 billion rubles to 376 billion rubles), as well as the volume of purchases from small and medium-sized businesses (from 1.1 trillion rubles to 0.9 trillion rubles) diminished. Thus, the MSP development strategy until 2030, according to which state companies are obliged to increase purchases of such entities, is violated. However, entrepreneurs report unreasonable demands and other obstacles on the part of state corporations.

According to the report of the Ministry, for the first half of 2017 the amount of state purchases made under the 44-FZ amounted to 2.27 trillion rubles ($38bn). These purchases are more competitive: the most common form of vendor definition is an electronic auction (55% of the total). The volume of purchases with a single supplier goes in second place (31.5%).

The amount of contracts concluded with a single supplier in the first half of 2017 amounted to 574 billion rubles (422 billion rubles in the first half of 2016). According to the auditors, the growth of such purchases is connected with the President's decisions, procurement of utilities and energy supply.

Experts consider the growth of purchases with a single supplier a negative trend, restricting competition and indulging in corruption.

At the same time, as the Ministry noted, their report may have inaccuracies in connection with technical mistakes locally. In particular, among the largest state customers in 2017 was Podolsk city dental polyclinic, which indicated the volume of purchases in the amount of 471 billion rubles ($7.9bn). After the audit it was found out that the real volume of purchases amounted to only 16 million rubles ($269.500).

The edition notes that this is the first report of the Ministry of Finance on public procurement since the moment it got control over this sphere (previously such reports were made by the Ministry of Economic Development).